Today Russia is leading in new nuclear construction abroad. ROSATOM holds first place in terms of the number of simultaneously implemented nuclear reactor construction projects (3 units and the floating NPP in Russia and 36 abroad at various implementation stages).
Competitive strength of Russian proposals can be attributed to advanced technologies and newest know-how developed by Russian scientists and designers. All design projects meet modern international requirements and the IAEA recommendations. The projects proposed for construction are based on up-to-date reactor installations of up-graded VVER design (Russian water-water pressurized power reactor) that has many-year good performance account. Russian NPP construction projects are G III reactors equipped with active and passive safety systems. Successful operation on international markets confirms good competitive ability of Russian nuclear technologies: in 2019 Rosatom’s package of foreign orders exceeded 130 bln dollars. About us
State-of-the-art technology and advanced safety systems coupled with conformity to IAEA requirements provide a solid competitive edge for Russian offerings on the international market:
Preparation for construction of Rooppur NPP, the country's first nuclear power plant
Location: 160 km away from Dhaka on the eastern bank of the Ganges, Pabna District
Project specifications: Construction of two power units with VVER reactors (2,4 GW total capacity) launched in December 2017. Apart from NPP construction and commissioning, Russia will construct all required infrastructure facilities.
Location: Astravyets, Belarus
Project specifications: 2 power units with VVER-1200 (PWR) reactors; 2,400 MW total capacity Construction of the first power unit was launched on November 06, 2013. Belarus NPP is being built to the standard design of Generation III+ which fully meets all post-Fukushima requirements, international standards and recommendations of the IAEA. At the present time, all works are on schedule at the major facilities of the constructed power units of Belarus NPP. Unit 1 has completed installation of essential equipment in the reactor and turbine halls; full-scale start-up and adjustment continues. Unit 2 carries out installation of essential equipment in the reactor hall. The construction of this plant promises to set a record of involvement in the work of Belarus specialist. The construction project of Belarus NPP involves 34 contractors including 24 Belarus companies. After commissioning in the commercial operation the nuclear power plant in Ostrovets will produce about 25% of electricity Belarus needs.
Project specifications: Tianwan NPP is the largest facility of the Russian-Chinese economic cooperation. Phase 1 of the plant (Units 1 and 2) was built by Russian specialists and has been in commercial operation since 2007. Annually, Phase 1 of the plant produces more than 15 bln kWh of electricity. It is meant to be the most of modern plants in the world owing to new systems (“core melt catcher”). Two first units of Tianwan NPP were built by a Russian company under the Russia-China intergovernmental agreement signed in 1992. In October 2009, ROSATOM and China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) signed a protocol of continuation of the cooperation in the construction of the phase two of the plant (Units 3 and 4). The general contract was signed in 2010 and came into force in 2011. The construction is carried out by the Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC). Phase Two has been the logical conclusion of the Phase One of the plant. The parties have implemented a set of modernizations. The project has been improved technically and operationally. The Russian party was responsible for design of the nuclear island; the Chinese part has taken responsibility for designing balance-of-plant. Building, installation and start-up works were carried out by Chinese with support of Russian specialists. Pouring of first concrete at Unit 3 was on December 27, 2012; construction of the Unit 4 was started on September 27, 2013. The first power of Tianwan-3 was on December 30, 2017. Unit 4 had its first power on October 27, 2018. At the present time, Unit 3 has been transferred to the Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC) for 24-month warrantee operation while Unit 4 has been held for commercial operation on December 22, 2018. On June 8, 2018 in Beijing the strategic package of documents was signed which determines main directions of the nuclear power cooperation between Russia and China for coming decades. In particular, two new reactors VVER-1200 of Generation III+ will be built (Units 7 and 8 of Tianwan NPP).
Construction of El Dabaa NPP
Location: El Dabaa site, the Matrouh region on the Mediterranean coast, Egypt
Project specifications: According to the contracts, ROSATOM will build four VVER-1200 reactors and supply nuclear fuel throughout the plant's entire lifetime. ROSATOM will also train personnel, will assist its Egyptian partners in operation and maintenance during the first 10 years of the plant's operations. As part of the El Dabaa NPP project implementation, ROSATOM will also aid Egypt in developing its nuclear infrastructure, as well as increasing the level of project localization and supporting Egypt in training nuclear cadre and driving the public acceptance of nuclear power. The works are based on Intergovernmental agreement between Russia and Egypt (signed on November 2015). El Dabaa will reference unit 1 of the Leningrad Phase II nuclear power plant in western Russia.
Hanhikivi-1 NPP construction
Location: Pyhajoki, Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland
Project specifications: In December 2013 ROSATOM companies’ representatives and Finnish partners signed a pack of documents concerning implementation of the construction project of single-unit Hanhikivi-1 NPP with VVER-1200 reactor. The plant is to be located near the village of Pyhajoki in Northern Ostrobothnia. Hanhikivi-1 construction is managed by JSC Rusatom Energy International (former name of JSC Rusatom Overseas). Its subsidiary, RAOS Project Oy, is the principal project contractor. JSC ATOMPROEKT (Group of Companies ASE) is the architect general of Hanhikivi-1 NPP. OKB GIDROPRESS produces documentation of the reactor engineering design. JSC CONCERN TITAN-2 is the main subcontractor for Hanhikivi-1 NPP. It also builds Leningrad Phase II in Sosnovy Bor, which is the reference plant for Hanhikivi-1 NPP. ROSATOM’s share in the project is 34%. At the present time, the pre-construction phase goes on.
Stage 2 construction of Paks II
Location: Paks, Tolna county, Hungary
Project specifications: At the present time, built to Soviet design, Paks NPP operates four power units with VVER-440 reactors. In 2009 the Hungarian Parliament approved construction of two new power units at NPP. In December 2014 ROSATOM and MVM (Hungary) signed the contract for construction of new power units of the plant. In May that year Russia and Hungary signed the agreement concerning provision of a €10 billion loan for Paks construction completion. Pals Phase II is planned as two power units (Units 5 and 6); they will be built to VVER-1200 design. JSC ATOMPROEKT is the principal contractor.
Construction of Units 3, 4, 5, 6 of Kudankulam NPP
Location: Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu, India
Project specifications: Units 1 & 2 were build within the scope of Russian-Indian agreement dated November 20th, 1988 and its attachments dated June 21st, 1998. An official ceremony dedication of Kudankulam NPP Unit 2 held on October 15, 2016. The ground-breaking ceremony for construction units 3 & 4 with VVER-1000 reactors (2,100 MW total capacity) was performed on 17 February 2016. Units 3 and 4 are currently under construction. On June 1, 2017, in Saint-Petersburg ASE Group of Companies and Nuclear Power Corporation of India signed the General Framework Agreement for construction of the Kudankulam NPP third stage (units 5 and 6 with VVER-1000 reactors). On July 31, 2017 the contracts were signed between JSC Atomstroyexport and the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) for priority design works, working design and supply of the main equipment for third stage of NPP.
Construction of Bushehr NPP
Location: near the city of Bushehr (Bushehr Province)
Project Features: Bushehr NPP is the first nuclear power plant in Iran and the Middle East. Unit 1 was completed by Russian specialists after the German concern Kraftwerk Union A.G. (Siemens/KWU) had suspended the construction in 1980 because of joining to the US embargo of deliveries equipment to Iran. In 1992, the Russian Federation and the Islamic Republic of Iran signed a peaceful nuclear cooperation agreement and in August of the same year they signed an agreement of cooperation about construction of a nuclear power plant in Iran. The NPP construction was resumed after long-term care and maintenance in 1995. The Russian contractors managed to integrate Russian equipment and building structures made to the German design. On the 23rd of September 2013 Russia officially handed over Unit 1 of 1,000 MW capacity to the Customer. In November 2014 an EPC contract was signed to build two more VVER-1000 units at this NPP on the turn-key basis. The ceremony of official start of Bushehr-2 project took place in September 2016. In October 2017, the start of construction and installation on the construction site of Bushehr-2 was announced.
Location: Mersin province, Turkey
Project specifications: the project of Turkey’s first NPP construction is being implemented on the basis of the intergovernmental agreement between the Russian Federation and the Turkish Republic that was signed in May 2010. On October 13, 2011, the Turkish Atomic Energy Agency (TAEK) handed over to Akkuyu Nuclear JSC a licence for the site; in November 2013, it approved the revised Foundational Report on the site performed by Akkuyu Nuclear JSC under the site licence terms for the construction of the Akkuyu NPP with an installed capacity of 4,800 MWe. On December 1, 2014, the Turkish Ministry of the Environment and City Planning approved the Akkuyu NPP environment impact assessment performed by Akkuyu Nuclear JSC. On February 9, 2017, TAEK approved the Akkuyu NPP site parameters, after which, on March 3, 2017, TAEK received a construction licence application. On October 19, 2017, Akkuyu Nuclear JSC received a limited construction licence from TAEK, which is the first step towards obtaining an NPP construction licence. On December 10, 2017, the construction start ceremony took place at the Akkuyu NPP site under a limited construction licence issued by TAEK. Under the limited construction licence, construction and assembly works are being carried out at all of the NPP’s components excluding buildings and constructions linked to the nuclear island’s safety. On the 3rd of April 2018 the function of first concrete was held at the construction site. It marked the start of large-scale work to build the first Turkish nuclear power plant being constructed by ROSATOM.
Project specifications: The Floating Nuclear Thermal Power Plant (FNPP) and is of a new class of power sources on the basis of Russian technologies of nuclear shipbuilding. It included the floating nuclear power unit (FPU) “Akademik Lomonosov” and a coastal infrastructure. The nuclear power plant has two KLT-40S reactor units that can generate up to 70 MW of electric energy and 50 Gcal/hr of heat energy during its normal operation. This is enough to keep the activity of the town populated with 100,000 people. In September 2019 the floating power unit Akademik Lomonosov has arrived at the port of its permanent location in Pevek, Chukotka, where it is being docked to start operations in 2020. The FPU is the project of the mobile transportable power unit of low power. It is designed for the operation at the areas of the Extreme North and the Russian Far East. Its main task is to provide the remote industrial plants, port cities, as well as the offshore gas and oil platforms with electric energy. The FNPP is designed with the great margin of safety that exceeds all possible threats and makes nuclear reactors invincible for tsunamis and other natural disasters. In addition, the nuclear processes at the floating power unit meet all requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and do not pose any threat to the environment. The lifecycle of the nuclear FPU is 40 years with the possibility of being extended to up to 50 years. After decommissioning, the FPU will be towed to a special deconstruction and recycling facility. ROSATOM is already working on second generation FPUs, or Optimized Floating Power Units (OFPUs), which will be equipped with two RITM-200M reactors (each with a capacity of 50 MW). In addition to having a greater power capacity, OFPUs will be smaller than their predecessors.