One of ROSATOM’s projects is the development of polymeric composite materials based on carbon fibre (an organic material containing 92–99.99% carbon). Domestic carbon fibre technology was initially developed back in the 1980s by companies in the nuclear sector. In comparison with conventional construction materials (aluminum, steel, etc.), carbon fibre composites boast extremely high ratings for rigidity, reliability, longevity when working under severe loads, in high temperatures and in corrosive environments. We are now able to produce carbon composites that are 10 times stronger and 5 times lighter than steel. These materials are essential in load bearing structures where it is critical to increase strength while reducing weight. Polymer composites are widely used in the aerospace, nuclear, automotive, construction, and ship building industries, as well as for the construction of bridges and pipelines.
UMATEX Group, (brand name of NPK Khimprominzhiniring, JSC) is a Composite materials division of ROSATOM. A management company set up to create a market of composite materials in Russia. Comprises an R&D centre and enterprises manufacturing high-strength and high-modulus carbon fibres, prepregs and CF fabrics. The following entities make up UMATEX Group: JSC NPK Khimprominzhiniring (management company), JSC R&D centre (the centre, involved in developing and integrating technologies for obtaining PAN precursor and carbon fibre), ALABUGA-FIBRE LLC (carbon fibre plant in the special economic zone Alabuga, Republic of Tatarstan), Argon LLC (carbon fibre plant) and ZUKM, LLC, Chelyabinsk (carbon-based composites plant).