The State Corporation Rosatom and its organizations have adopted a responsible environmental policy. This policy is essentially built on the following principles: preservation of natural eco-systems as its top priority; unconditional use of scientific advances and assured environmental safety; transparency and public openness of information about environmental effects of industrial activity. The main regulatory document in this sphere is Rosatom’s Unified industrial environmental policy.
A very important role in the implementation of this policy is played by planning. Every three years all leading nuclear organizations make environmental policy implementation programs. These programs are summarized to make up the Rosatom Integrated plan of environmental policy implementation.
All business activities of nuclear power industries entirely comply with the rules and requirements of environmental legislation of the Russian Federation. Observation of its provisions is an absolute must and a major aspect in the implementation of Rosatom’s environmental policy.
One of the main objectives of Rosatom’s environmental policy implementation is to cut down the amount of atmospheric releases and effluents, to minimize production and consumption waste, and first of all the waste of hazard classes I and II. The Corporation systematically puts into operation advanced atmospheric air cleaning systems, commissions new water treatment plants for waste waters and rain discharges; introduces water re-cycling systems.
Since 2014 Rosatom’s key organizations have been certified for their compliance with ISO 14001 requirements with regular re-certification audits.
Starting from 2009 all leading organizations in Rosatom publish annual environmental safety reports. The reports outline the progress in the implementation of the adopted corporate environmental policy, tell about measures in the area of production environmental control and monitoring, contain data on environmental impact of business activities аnd inform about the interaction with federal or local authorities, non-governmental environmental organizations, scientific institutions and population. These reports, that are open for the public, are available at Rosatom web-site.
In 2018, the costs of the environmental protection were RUB 24.24 billion, including for environmental protection – RUB 15.44 billion and investments in the equity – RUB 8.80 billion. Most of the environmental costs were used for ensuring radiation safety (50.6%), collecting and cleaning up drains (22.7%), managing production and consumption waste (8.6%), protecting the atmospheric air and climate change preventing (8.6%). In the equity investment structure, the most of the spending was directed to the protection of the atmospheric air (74.9 %) and protection and reasonable use of water resources (21.3%).